Start where you are.
Use what you have.
Do what you can.
- Arthur Ashe
Start where you are.
Use what you have.
Do what you can.
Sexual Assault Prevention
This study were made by students on the University of Arizona, and it suggest a program to stop sexual assault in universities.
Sexual assault is a major issue, especially on college campuses. Although a few programs exist today, students might not know that they are around to help or there are not enough. As a group, we came up with a program that includes six parts to increase the prevention of sexual assault. The first part involves including a free bottle of its. The polish works by placing a painted nail inside a drink, the polish will change color if the drink has the with a date rape drug. Part two involves paying people to be a ‘designated walker.’ This program is currently at Northern Arizona University and has shown a decline in sexual assault on the campus. Although this idea is similar to safe ride, a designated walker is more personal and helpful if needed. These walkers will undergo drug testing and background checks as well as a test to ensure students are safe and protected and can trust these walkers. Part three of the program includes either a person or some device that will be located outside the door of fraternity houses and each person that enters must practice asking for consent. If the underage is not sufficient or accurate enough the person will be denied the privilege to enter the house. As for part four, it would that students attend a one credit course during their freshman year. This course will include mandatory attendance as well as weekly quizzes to ensure that students are paying attention. With this course there will be no textbooks or additional supplies necessary; it will be a simple one credit course and everything needed will be provided. Part five will be a developed app called “OnWatch.” this app will set an alarm and if it is not deactivated it will send an alert to police. This app will be encouraged to be downloaded in an attempt that sexual assault will be decreased if someone is notified that a student is in trouble. The final part of the program will introduce more security at the sorority and fraternity parties. Some parties usually have one but one security guard is not enough for hundreds of people.
These programs are different from other universities around the US because no other programs have the date rape drug nail polish or a required course on sexual assault. Universities do have security guards but not as many as they should. College parties that usually involve underage drinking need more protection for their students. Our program provides protection without being naive to what actually occurs in a fraternity or even sorority. This program will be more effective because it will provide more safety, provide opportunities for students to help each other if they encounter a dangerous situation, and provides more help if and when it is needed. Sexual assault is not a joke, the security and safety of students should be of top priority at a university especially. Victims of sexual assault not only get their lives changed but their personality and who they are is also affected. Students should look out for each other and be able to get help if and when it is necessary.
Sexual assault prevention programs at other universities include night walkers at Northern Arizona University, a hotline at Boston University and 20:1 program at Binghamton University. The night walkers are used to walk students home when it is late at night and they do not feel comfortable walking alone. These walkers' are trusted students that provide security when it is needed. The hotline is used for victims and their families to vent. It is more of support rather than a prevention program. Universities need both support and prevention in order to make even a slight difference. The 20:1 program is a program that older fraternity members take the time to reach out and teach the younger and newer fraternity members (about the university). Each program targets the student body as it is trying to prevent sexual assault on campus. The night walkers and the 20:1 program have been effective in reducing the sexual assault occurrence on campus. However, the hotline is not a prevention program, it is a support program for students and their families if they are struggling. The programs have been effective and help the students feel safe as well as understanding that they have somewhere to go if they need it.
There are many different programs here at the University that students can reach out and obtain. The annual report from the police explains what they do in the case of sexual assault. “The University of Arizona Police Department investigates all allegations of sexual assault reported to the Department….When a report of sexual assault is received, an officer will immediately be dispatched to seek medical attention for the victim, investigate the crime and provide other assistance.” They also explain what to do if it occurs. “Immediately go somewhere safe and report the crime by dialing 9-1-1. Tell the Dispatcher if immediate medical attention is needed. • Refrain from washing, bathing, showering, or douching. • Refrain from washing clothes or other items worn/used during the sexual assault. • Show the officer where these items are located upon his/her arrival. • Give as many details of the incident as possible to assist officers with their investigation.” Programs are presented by Campus Health UAPD throughout the year to fraternities, sororities, residence halls, clubs, departments and other organizations within the University. An example of this program is OASIS which is a service that the University offers. “The Oasis Program was established to provide a variety of services to UA students, staff, and faculty of all genders who are impacted by sexual assault, relationship violence, and stalking The Oasis Program is affiliated with Counseling and Psych Services and with Health Promotion and Preventive services, which are both units of Campus Health Service, and is an active partner with Tucson community service agencies. Together with our campus and community partners, our mission is to both prevent and respond to all forms of interpersonal violence.” Another frequently used resource is the Campus Health Counseling and Psych Services (CAPS) “We have found that short-term therapy is quite effective with college students, especially when problems are dealt with at an early stage. It is not unusual for significant change to occur in just a few sessions, even for problems that seem insurmountable on the surface. Some difficult or long-standing problems may not be completely resolved in short-term treatment, but brief, solution-focused therapy could help facilitate subsequent personal efforts to change. In cases where long-term therapy seems best, the professional staff will assist the student with a referral to an off-campus resource.”
The three programs that we decided to do relate to the UA’s current situation. The first is to have a designated walker to walk students from place to place on or around campus to ensure that each student gets home safely. This is similar to what the University has because we have a system called SafeRide where you call a designated car to come and get you from one building on campus to another safely. The reason why we would use the walker as well is that sometimes SafeRide can take up to an hour to receive your call, send a car and pick you up and finally drop you off at your final destination. With the added walkers students won't have to rely on the cars and they can call a walker to help them walk home. Another program that we will install will be the idea that there is a cardboard cutout of a celebrity outside the doors of a party and the person who wishes to enter the party needs to practice asking for consent. This provides a way for people to practice asking consent because it isn’t as common as it should be. This is unlike anything at any parties then have previously been attended. There might be the issue of the fact that people might not be a good enough critic to judge if the attempted question is good enough. They need to make sure that a sober person is the judge of the questioning because an intoxicated person would not be good at judging this. This won’t be as effective for students who are not in Greek life and it won’t prevent assault as much on the streets of campus but that is better at preventing it from happening in parties. Our final proposal is the “OnGuard” app that when you are walking home you set an estimate of how long it will take you to get from point A to point B and if the timer doesn’t get shut off before the set time than the UAPD is alerted and the app will send their location to make sure they are okay. This is somewhat similar to the blue emergency lights that are around campus because when you are in a distressing situation you hit these buttons and the police will come find you. This is different because you don’t have to map out a plan for how to get home so that you hit the blue lights. This way the police will also be able to find you if your attacker takes you away from the original spot.
The new program has many key features designed to prevent sexual assault. Before every student begins a new chapter in life at the University of Arizona, a freshman orientation is required. At this freshman orientation, we propose that every female student receives a bottle of nail polish that changes color when exposed to Rohypnol. When the student signs up for the date that works best for their schedule, they can also choose a color. The option will also be available for any student that does not identify themselves as a female. than could majorly decrease the amount of sexual assault attempted via date rape drugs at parties. In addition to this, each freshman will be required to take a semester long course that is based on sexual assault. There will be mandatory attendance and quizzes to ensure the students are paying attention to the material and in order to remain a student at the University of Arizona, a passing grade is required. Also, it will be an interactive class rather than a lecture so that students are actually able to comprehend and experience the class to its fullest potential. Prior to taking the “Sex, Health, and AIDS” course, I did not know the majority of things I now know. Being more aware of how big the problem of sexual assault is has altered my mental state to be more aware of my surroundings and others in questionable situations. I, like most college students, was unaware that sexual assault is usually by someone you know and to understand that your relationship with someone does not excuse behavior exhibited.
Once a student has been admitted into the UA, they will also be encouraged to download the application “OnWatch”. This app can be downloaded to any device and comes with many helpful features. The most interesting feature is “Watch My Back”. When choosing this feature, the user can set a timer if they think they will be in a questionable situation. The app will alert the user when the timer has ended and if the timer alert is not responded to within a certain time, the user’s location and the situation will be sent to a pre-determined list of people via text and email. The cool thing about this app and feature within the app is that it can be used for more than just a sexual assault situation. There is a part of the app that also immediately connects to both the campus police and normal police.
A large part of the college experience for most students is within the Greek Life. Even those who do not participate in this lifestyle are still affected by it, so the university should act accordingly. Typically, the fraternities throw large parties once to twice a week with an abundance of alcohol, drugs, and loud music. While fraternity members are the only males allowed, all girls are allowed to attend. This can be a very dangerous combination. At Kappa Sigma, there is a security guard that stands near the front entrance and ensures that no one gets hurt. However, he pays little attention to what goes on around him. While part of his job may be to play ignorant to the minors drinking and doing drugs, it should also be to make sure none of the activities create an unsafe environment for the intoxicated people there. Thus, more security should be in attendance and this should be handled by the president of the fraternity. Another idea would be that each person attending is required to practice asking consent before the entrance to the party is granted. One way of going about this would be to have a celebrity cut out at the front door that the party-goers practice with, or it could simply be a pledge that is required to stand at the front door anyway. This would be a little more difficult to monitor but could be done so by one of the required security guards. Obviously, the University of Arizona cannot acknowledge that these types of parties occur, but there should be some under-the-table guidance there for safety reasons. It is common sense that college kids will be underage drinking and while we understand that the university should not encourage it, they should still accommodate for situations in which it will occur.
For the non-fraternity related situations, we will also borrow the idea of Northern Arizona University that consists of designated walkers. The concept is similar to Uber, but with walkers rather than drivers. When a person is walking somewhere late at night or really anywhere they would feel better walking with someone else rather than alone, they can contact Walksafe. Walksafe will provide a trained individual to walk with anyone who needs it. These individuals that are hired as walkers will receive basic self-defense training so they can protect themselves as well as the person they are walking. Walksafe also will provide free self-defense classes to those who wish to either become a walker or just improve their personal safety.
The parts of this new program have a multitude of goals. We will be able to effectively raise awareness to this heinous crime as well as provide preventative resources. Our main goal is to provide every student with an equal opportunity for protection from sexual crimes. In addition, we wish to provide students in an unfortunate situation a safe way out. With this goal in mind, we wish to impact the lives of all students, but mostly those who may be in questionable or dangerous situations. The University of Arizona has a multitude of resources, like CAPS, for survivors but we lack preventative measures. We wish for every student to be able to prevent this from occurring, especially freshman who do not know much, if anything, about sexual assault and those new to drinking and doing drugs. The plan we wish to enact has so much density to it that it should significantly decrease the rate at which sexual assault occurs on many levels since we address many different situations sexual assault could occur.
Our main goal is the effectiveness of our program in our campus; therefore, we are going to check that by more than one method. First, we are going to conduct a survey on campus before and after the program is initiated. The survey results will detect whether our program was successful or not. Moreover, we are going to ask for reports back from our “walkers” and employees. These report will help us determine the importance of our program and how often students ask for help. Also, it will help us to analyze the peak times of every day for our walkers, so we can ask authorities for more security at these times. Finally, we are going to interview the presidents of all fraternities to see if they notice any difference. Usually, there are a lot of parties going round the year on these fraternities, and sometimes abusers find their victims in these parties. Therefore, the reports given by the presidents of fraternities can be an accurate detector on how effective our program is. As any assessment method, there are the strengths and weaknesses when it applies. The strengths of our methods are that our data will show results and rates of before and after the program is initiated. On the other hand, the only weakness of our method will be that our data accuracy depends on how honest the participants are and how are they willing to share.
Our sexual prevention program consists of a good combination of education, security, and reports, so we believe that it is will work on our campus. Starting from the freshman orientation, every girl will receive a free bottle of a nail polish that changes its color when dipped in a drink that has the popular date rape drugs in it. This will aid in the prevention of date rape as girls will be able to check if their drink consists of any drug that can be used to take advantage of her. Educationally, the first semester of every student a one credit course, the course will be about sexual assaults and prevention. This could significantly reduce sexual assault rates, because everyone would be educated about the subject, and not just a portion of our school. Also, we will have “walkers” that any student can call to walk them home. This will help in prevention and will help survivors who had a previous sexual assault experience to feel more comfortable walking in our campus. Furthermore, we will set a rule in parties to ask for consent before entering the party, which will help in reducing sexual assaults rates. Also, we will design an app that would make an automatic report of an attempt or an action of sexual assault violence and send the location to the University of Arizona Police Department by hitting one button. This can be used as a prevention method when someone feels in danger without turning the attention of the abuser. Finally, we will require fraternities to have more security at the parties, this will help in reducing sexual assault rates in these parties. We believe that our prevention program is cost-effective and worth the cost. We do not need a huge budget in order to initiate our program, and the effects of it will be significant. However, to get the most of our program we will need students to team up for our case and report any incident they notice. Furthermore, we think that we will be able to reach our intended audience and that they will be receptive to our message. The reason is that our program will help in raising safety levels on campus and reduce the rates of sexual assaults. The results of our program will be touched by everyone on campus, and that is why we think that our program will be a success.
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